Physical Types and Somatotype

Physical Types and Somatotype

We often talk about body shapes, but there is an aspect equally important: the somatotype.

The concept of somatotype was developed in the 1940s by the psychologist W. H. Sheldon that in his book The varieties of human physique, distinguishes three physique body types fisiche: ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm.

The somatotype refers to watt we would define as physical body constitution.
Let’s see together the three categories and discover which we belong in:



somatipo ectomorfo

It’s characterized as linear and delicate

Bones are thin and visible

It’s a somatotype with not so many curves and bony

It presents a fast metabolism

It doesn’t get weight easily (you know those people that eat a lot but they never get fat?)

Even at the gym it’s hard to put on muscle mass

Limbs are long and thin

Shoulders are usually narrow

The lines of the body are vertical



somatipo mesomorfo 1

It’s an athletic and well-structured type

The muscle tissue is predominant

It develops muscle mass more easily

It’s a strong somatotype, typically included towards sports

Limbs are strong: legs and arms are muscular and well-defined

Shoulders are wide and the posture is good

The torso is tightened at the waist

The lines of the body are muscular and not bony



somatipo endomorfo

It’s characterized as robust and round and the fat tissue prevails

It has a slow metabolism

It tends to get some weight more easily

Conversely, the weight loss is slow and not easy

Muscles aren’t obvious, because they’re not defined, but they can have a big mass

The body is soft and curvy

Legs and hips are quite developed

The lines of the body are rounded and the movement is curvilinear




Ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph? O a mix of them?

In the next post I’ll tell you how to enhance each somatotype through fabrics, clothes and accessories.


During these days until June 1, I’ll be with CLARINS at laRinascente Duomo of Milan for a consultation about beauty, style and silhouette. Only reservation by calling 028852217.

Rossella Migliaccio
Image Consultant